Sulfur Emissions and Economic Growth in the Philippines: A Bivariate Causality and Cointegration Analysis

Klarizze Puzon

This paper studies the time series properties of sulfur emissions and economic growth. To identify the direction of the causal relationship between the two variables, it conducts causality and cointegration tests using data from 1950 to 2000. The test results imply that there is unidirectional causality running from sulfur emissions to GDP in the Philippines.


Keywords - cointegration, Granger causality, sulfur emissions, economic growth